Understanding the Context and Concept of Islam Nusantara


  • Cut Linda Muhammad Griffith University
  • Adis Duderija Griffith University




Islam Nusantara, Local cultue, Religious extrimism, Neo- modernism, Nahdhatul ulam


Over the past few decades, specific approaches and conceptualisations of Islam have been promoted in Southeast Asia, notably Islam Nusantara (IN) in Indonesia and Islam Hadhari in Malaysia. In Indonesia, Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), a prominent Indonesian Islamic organisation, currently allied with the ruling government, champions the IN concept. However, IN is conceptualised and viewed in many ways, both positively and negatively. This article seeks to provide a broad context for discussions concerning IN in post-Reformasi Indonesia. It will identify and discuss significant factors and developments, both historical and factual, internal and external, that have impacted Islam in Indonesia and are relevant to these issues in order to understand why Islam Nusantara is addressed and conceptualised in such distinctive ways.


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Author Biography

Adis Duderija, Griffith University

I teach and do research on contemporary Islam with special focus on the theory of progressive Islam, salafism and religious extremism , Islam and Gender, western Muslims' identity construction and inter-faith dialogue theory and practice.


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How to Cite

Muhammad, Cut Linda, and Adis Duderija. 2022. “Understanding the Context and Concept of Islam Nusantara”. ICR Journal 13 (1):92-111. https://doi.org/10.52282/icr.v13i1.912.