This article begins by looking at peace as a theological principle, before proceeding to explore peace from various other angles, such as peace through inclusivity, peace through non-violence, peace through equity and fair treatment of others. There is also an elaborate articulation of methods for the peaceful resolution of conflicts, including counselling (nasihah), conciliation (sulh), arbitration (tahkim), forgiveness (‘afwa), and truce (al-hudnah). After reviewing these, the discussion then presents a selection of Islamic legal maxims (qawa’id kulliyyah fiqhiyyah) that accentuate the primacy of peace in Islam. Legal maxims are concise epithetic declarations of principles that accentuate the higher goals and purposes of Islam. We conclude with a set of actionable recommendations.